You may wonder Why there is no V in Arabic, but that’s because every language has its own alphabet. Just like English doesn’t contain the Arabic letter “خ”. However, Arabs can pronounce “v” and write it in the form “ڤ”.
Did you know that there are 28 letters in the Arabic language? yes, 28 letters and some of them don’t exist in English. Now let’s keep going to know more about the letters that don’t exist in Arabic and English.
Arabic and English letters
Before we start with anything let’s first look at the Arabic and English letters:
What are the Arabic Sounds that Don’t Exist in English?
Did you know that Arabic is called the DHAD language? why? because the DAAD letter or (ض) is only found in the Arabic language. And its pronunciation is really difficult for non-Arabic speakers.
One of the main difficulties that English speakers face when learning Arabic is the sounds that don’t exist in English. This includes:
hamzah “ء “.
ha’ “هـ “.
ha’ “ح “.
ghain “غ .
kha’ “خ .
What are the English letters that don’t exist in Arabic?
Some of the letters that don’t exist in Arabic are:
P, V, G.
Instead of “p” Arabic has “b”, and “v” is replaced with “f”
However, the letter G exists in Egyptian Arabic dialect, but in other dialects the have a “j” instead of “g”. Even though there’s no v in Arabic but Arabs can pronounce it. Just like the letters “p and g”, they don’t exist in Arabic but Arabs can pronounce it easily.
Arabs use another form to write English letters that don’t exist in Arabic. For the letter “v” they use the shape “ڤ”:
For the letter “p” Arabs use the form “پ” to represent it.
Since we mentioned the Egyptian Arabic dialect earlier let’s know more about the different dialects.
What are the different Arabic dialects?
Here are the main Arabic dialects:
1- Maghrebi Arabic:
This dialect is used in Western Arab countries which include: Algerians, Moroccans, and Tunisians. The total number of people who speak Maghrebi Arabic is about 80 million.
You can learn Maghrebi Arabic from the textbook ‘The Routledge Introductory Course in Moroccan Arabic’.
Egyptian Arabic is the Arabic used in Egypt. And most Arab understand it, as Egyptian movies and TV series are popular. So, if you are a non-Arabic speaker then this might be the easiest dialect to learn.
3- Arabian colloquial:
This Arabic dialect is also called Khaliji or Gulf Arabic. The countries that speak it include Oman, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait.
4- Yemeni Arabic:
This one has many dialects but the main dialect is called San’ani or Sana’ dialect. You should know that the hardest two dialects to learn are Yemeni and Maghrebi.
The Arabic dialect that is spoken in Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, and Palestine. More than 30 million speak it.
This includes several mutually understandable varieties that have been spoken even in parts of Iraq and eastern Syria.