The Arabic language is one of the most spoken languages around the world, many people seek to learn it but they are held back by their fears of its difficulty.
However, the Arabic language is not hard or complicated to learn, and we will go through some easy steps to learn Arabic sarf and nahw.
Let’s first understand what the word Sarf and Nahw means.
What are Sarf and Nahw?
Like any language in the world has its grammar, the Arabic language to has one and it is divided into two parts. The first one is called Sarf (Tasrif) which refers to the verb conjugation, and Nahw (Irab) which refers to how the words are written and why.
The 3 steps to mastering Arabic and its Sarf and Nahw.
Learning the Arabic language is not as hard as many people think, its difficulty change based on why you want to learn it. If someone wants to learn Arabic to be able to communicate with Arabs, he doesn’t have to learn the whole Arabic grammatical rules. However, if the learner wants to become a scholar, then he will have to learn the Sarf and Nahw of the language.
Either way, here are some easy steps that will guide you along the way.
1-Practice the language.
The first and foremost important thing to do while learning any language is to practice it. Keep reading Arabic articles, blogs, or even books. To practice your listening, watch movies, listen to songs or broadcasts. While for writing you could write what you heard in the movie or rewrite a part of the article or book you read.
Practice makes perfect keep reminding yourself of that. To be fluent in Arabic it will take around 2 or three years and the more you study and practice every day the faster you learn.
Important books for this are:
Bayna Yadayk series, this series of books consists of three books, you can study them on your own or with a teacher.
Another book is called An Introduction to the Arabic Language through Islamic Texts by Syed Iqbal Zaheer.
You could also practice by reading children’s stories will help you enhance your understanding of the Sarf and Nahw, here are a few suggestions:
The Sad Bluebill by Tareq Al-Bakri.
Adventures of the Good Boy, Hassan by Ahmed Mahmoud Najib
Tree of Life by Kamel Kilani
Jasmine’s Mother by acoub El Sharouni
The Little Lamp by Ghassan Kanafani
Additionally, you can practice your listening through YouTube channels, and watch Arabic cartoons, and Arabic news. You can also watch Quranic stories for children.
2-Study the Arabic language with a teacher or Online course.
The second step is to study the science of the Arabic language, which includes Sarf, Nahw, Balagha, and Arabic literature. You could study it on your own however you might find it a little bit hard to do so, therefore you better enroll yourself in a course, or study with a teacher to make it easier for you to understand and excel in.
Here are some books that will help you:
Nahw books include:
Sarf books include:
Imam al-Taftazani’s explanation of Tasrif ul-Izzi
Taysir-ul-I’lal wal Ibdal
Sharh Mukhtasar Sa’d
3-Learn the Advanced Arabicscience
In this step you will go deeper into Arabic Science, and here are some books that will help you.
Imam al-Ushmuni’s, Abu Hayyan, al-Shatibi, and Ibn-Aqil explanations of the Alfiyyah.
Imam al-Zamaskhari’s works
Shafiyyatu-ibn-il-Hajib and its explanation.
Al-Mumti by ibn Usfur.
Al-Mustaqsa by Dr. AbdulLatif alKhatib
Abdul-Qadir al-Jurjanis books
Mahmood Shakir’s books
Muhammad Abu Musa’s books
Tafsir ibn Ashur
Extra learning tips:
There are many ways to learn the Arabic language and here are the best of them:
1-Practice your Arabic Sarf and Nahw through Online Audio & Podcasts.
You can sign up for free and you will get a full week trial to try their lessons. They offer a lot of Arabic content for every level. Whether you are a beginner or advanced you will find what you are looking for. Unfortunately, when the week is over you will have to pay in order to get access to their lessons. So, try it out and if you like it go ahead and get premium.
TuneIn offers you the opportunity to learn Arabic online by listening to the radio where you will find many countries speaking Arabic.
Another great place to learn to speak Arabic through listening to native speaking Arabic words, which is great to enhance your pronunciation and learn new words.
It offers an audio collection of Arabic vocabulary
From this channel, you will learn about the Arabic language and culture, plus you will listen to native people talk which will enhance your pronunciation significantly. The videos are all about a host interviewing people on the streets of Cairo.